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Preparing to Drill a Water Well: A Guide for Homeowners

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Constructing a proper well is a sure way to provide great-tasting, pure, and nourishing water for you and your family. Whether you are preparing to build a new home or you are looking to drill a well on your current property, familiarizing yourself with well water systems can help you make the right decision.
Here is what every homeowner needs to know before drilling a well.

Types of Water Wells

Three types of wells exist. These include rock wells, sand wells, and bored wells. Rock wells, also known as consolidated wells, are on average 250 feet deep and are perfect for rocky areas.
Sand wells or unconsolidated wells are perfect for areas with loose formation such as clay, sand, and soil. Bored or shallow wells are for unconstrained water sources and are typically not more than 100 feet deep.
Your area's geology will determine the type of well you can drill on your property.

Water Well Design and Construction

The first step to owning a well is identifying a suitable location and getting the correct design and measurements. An expert well drilling company should have the right equipment and geology data analysis skills to identify the best site on your property to drill a well. The size and structure of your land are some of the factors that will determine the location.
The next step is sizing your well. The size of your well will depend on factors such as your household needs and the yield of the well. Ideally, household water usage should be lower than the well's yield, but if the household demands exceed the well's maximum capacity, you can install added storage.
Speak to your contractor about the local, county, and state legal requirements of drilling a water well on your property. These regulations can affect the location and design of your well.

Methods of Drilling a Water Well

There are several types of drilling methods, but the most common ones include cable tool, auger, rotary air, rotary mud, and down-hole hammer drilling.
Arguably the oldest drilling technique, cable tool drilling is most suitable for areas with loose soil formation. It involves dropping heavy drilling tools into the dugout hole to fracture the ground. However, cable tool drilling is slow, and the labor costs can add up quickly.
Auger drilling is well suited for areas with very soft rock formation. The different types of auger drilling include bucket, plate, and flight methods. These techniques are primarily used to drill shallow but large-diameter holes.
The rotary air technique is used to drill consolidated wells, while rotary mud is mostly for unconsolidated formations. The down-hole hammer technique combines the rotary and cable-tool drilling approaches and is the most effective method to drill through hard rock.
Your water well contractor will recommend the most suitable drilling method after assessing the area's geology. Other factors that will affect this decision include location and estimated yield capacity.
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Cost of a Water Well

How much you will pay for a water well will depend on several factors. Contractors consider how deep they must dig to reach the source of water, the equipment and drilling method they will use, and transport and labor costs.
Other charges include the storage system, pump, casing, filtration, pipes, and electrical connections, which can add significantly to the cost of drilling a water well.
Depending on your agreement and the regulations in your area, your contractor may add the cost of obtaining licenses and permits to the final quote.
Having a reliable water source is a valuable but expensive investment. It is, therefore, critical that you work with a reputable and experienced company when you are ready to drill a well.
If you are considering drilling a well on your property, get in touch with Moss Well Drilling, Inc., for an initial consultation, expert advice, and professional water well drilling services in Marion County and the state of Indiana at large.